Use of oil painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating who is bob harper dating 2016
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The results are detailed in the peer-reviewed Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry.
The binder was used to dry paint and help it adhere to rocky surfaces.
The muralsand the remains of two giant, destroyed Buddhasinclude the world's oldest known oil-based paint, predating European uses of the substance by at least a hundred years, scientists announced late last month.
However, there are very few studies about this region.
"Due to political reasons, research on paintings in Central Asia is scarce.
Behind those statues are caves decorated with paintings from the fifth to ninth centuries.
New experiments performed at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) show that the paintings were made of oil, hundreds of years before the technique emerged in Europe.
Within the various pigments, the scientists found a high use of lead whites. The paintings are probably the work of artists who traveled on the Silk Road, the ancient trade route between China, across Central Asia's desert to the West.
They found that about 50 of the caves were once adorned with glistening murals depicting images of Buddha, bodhisattvas, and female devotees.
One unique scene shows the Persian solar deity Mithra, riding a chariot driven by four winged horses.
On the other hand, these paintings are made with inorganic pigments mixed in organic binders, so we needed different techniques to get the full picture." The results showed a high diversity of pigments as well as binders, and the scientists identified original ingredients and alteration compounds.
Apart from oil-based paint layers, some of the layers were made of natural resins, proteins, gums, and, in some cases, a resinous, varnish-like layer.
The scientists discovered that 12 out of the 50 caves were painted with oil-painting techniques, using perhaps walnut and poppy seed drying oils.